Sustainable Project Management: giving shape to Sustainability in Projects – Alessandro Pompei (Università di Roma “Sapienza” – DIAG)
Today achieving a sustainable development of a business and of innovation projects is one of the key issues and one of the most challenging objectives for companies. Sustainability is considered a process that creates a community vision that respects the prudent use of natural resources to ensure that present generations can achieve a high degree of economic security while preserving integrity of the ecological system and of life. Project Management activities are no exception. There are currently many realities that make extensive use of sustainability principles during the project phases, but a unified theory has not yet been constructed.
This research aims at investigating the actual and potential integration of sustainability practices in the development of innovative project management methodologies. From academic point of view this is named as Sustainable Project Management. So, we want to answer the following research questions: What is Sustainable Project Management? Which are the key factors that define this new perspective of project management and how could be developed and implemented in companies formally?
To do so, we already investigated literature and defined a new framework. We also planned to collect data and information “on the field” through semi-structured interviews to project managers, who are working in companies that stand out for their strong connection to the world of sustainability.
From the practical perspective, the main subjects of this research are companies that work on innovative projects; projects that consumes large quantities of materials and energy and their benefits and outcomes have lifelong impacts on the economy, society, and environment. For many of these companies, sustainability is still viewed as a burden, a matter of liability towards regulation, while this new project management perspective will help companies to focus on new business opportunities given by the integration of sustainability principles inside their own business processes.
Sustainable Forest Management: a critical approach in two regions of Europe – Giuseppe Brugaletta (Università degli Studi di Catania –
Department of Engineering and Architecture)
Today global warming and climate change are issues that need solutions able to mitigate pollutants adapting to social, economic and environmental well-being. The project scope is to find a solution in the context of Sustainable Forest Management creating the “Zero-Impact Cycle”. The forest is formed by trees that store carbon from carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere. Managing the forest allows it to be maintained at the point of maximum growth, achieving continuous absorption. The wood can be used as a classic or innovative material and at the end-of-life it can be still recycled or used to produce bioenergy from biomass. This allows the substitution of fossil fuels with more sustainable fuels. Stakeholders of the project can be found in south Europe regions, particularly, the Basque Country and Sicily, interested in assessing the potential for Sustainable Forest Management practical use. First of all, the project wants to analyse, the as-is situation of forests in these sites and their management policy, highlighting strengths and weaknesses of the actual Forest Management policy. A comparison with data available in scientific literature, the opportunities deriving from a Sustainable Forest Management have been analysed, quantitatively and graphically estimating the economic, social and environmental advantages. The results showed that in Basque Country a sustainable forest management concept is practicable with potential margins for further growth. Great potentials have been found in Sicily where forest management could lead to significant benefits, but there is still a gap both in the concept of sustainable management and in forest data management. In the future the second phase of the project might develop a framework to fill in the gap and set an efficient Sustainable Forest Management in Sicily.
Toward sustainable roads through high RAP content layers – Antonio Roberto; Francesco Preti; Beatriz Chagas Silva Gouveia; Stefano Noto (Università di Parma – Department of Engineering and Architecture)
Nowadays, it is widely recognised that environmental and climatic change are affecting all of us. CO2 emissions and the necessity of extracting virgin materials limit the possibilities of developing an efficient road transportation system.
In the last few decades, the pavement scientific community has started to study how to build and maintain roads through sustainable practices. Road pavements are usualy divided into 2 macro-families: rigid and flexible pavements, both of those are built by overlapping different layers, each one characterised by a different mechanical behaviour and a different role in the structure. In our research group the attention is focused on flexible pavements. During maintenance activities, scarification and milling processes produce a lot of “waste” material, named reclaimed asphalt pavements (RAP). This old material can be resourceful as it can be utilized to build new sustainable pavement-layers.
This important goal is achievable by performing two kinds of recycling activities: hot and cold. There are a lot of differences between the two techniques but the important common point is the high RAP reusing.
These recycling activities allow to decrease the CO2 emissions, as the numbers of transportation from the site to the plants is reduced since most of the times the recycling activities are performed on site. At the same time, raw- materials usage is reduced as well. Our goal is to design pavements containing high RAP content as well as to guarantee comparable performance to the virgin-material based ones. If this kind of techniques become a common practice around the world, it would be possible to save a lot of energy and radically reduce CO2 emissions, both for new pavement constructions and for maintenance and rehabilitation works.
ICT Technologies To Face the Challenge of Making Food System smarter and sustainable – Gaia Codeluppi – Università di Parma (Department of Engineering and Architecture – Internet of Things (IoT) Lab)
World population growth, climate changing, poor countries hunger: these are only some of the trends which are forcing the present food system (and agricultural production processes) to evolve towards new, more productive, sustainable, and green methodologies (i.e., climate-smart agriculture). From several government organizations’ point-of-view (such as the Food and Agri- cultural Organization – FAO), the adoption of Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) is a key enabler for the agri-food sector evolution; words such as Smart Farming (SF) and Smart Agriculture (SA) have thus become more and more popular. Indeed, the adoption of ICTs (such as the Internet of Things, IoT) to collect data, combined with advanced analytical tools (such as Artificial Intelligence, AI, algorithms) to analyze data, will significantly improve the management of a Farm, making it “Smart.” In this poster, we present how, in a future sce- nario, dedicated IoT data collection systems can be integrated with AI technologies, in order to support the development of environmental-friendly and highly-productive Smart Farms. For instance, through collection and analysis of farm-related information, such as the soil composi- tion of a field (in terms, for example, of micronutrients, water, presence of pests, and fertilizers levels), in a IoT/AI-enabled Smart Farm, it will be possible: to decrease the waste of unnec- essary resources and actions (e.g., watering, fertilizing, anti pests treatments), suppling plants with only the optimal to ensure a correct growth; and to predict possible plants diseases. The remarkable advantages brought by the introduction of ICTs are not confined to money and pri- mary materials savings, but include also benefits for humans, such as: distribution of healthier and more nutrient food (produced from crops grown with smaller amounts of pesticides, for example); and the preservation of natural resources, such as water, forests and lands.
SMART BUS SHELTER: From the concept of static waiting place to Person-Institution interaction – 4° Elettronica e 4° Meccanica-Meccatronica (Istituto Internazionale Edoardo Agnelli – Istituto Tecnico Industriale – Torino)
The Smart Bus Shelter Project involves the development of a set of software and hardware technologies, interacting with each other, aimed at creating an “intelligent” shelter that helps the user in their daily mobility.
The idea was born with a very specific social purpose: to create a waiting island capable of recognizing and dialoguing with a visually impaired person and helping them in their mobility. The shelter enhances its primary function and becomes similar to a computer in which information of different nature converges and is sorted: personal data, timetables, routes, reservations and more.
As the work progressed we realized this project does not only help the disabled but also all other able-bodied daily commuters. All of this is based on an innovative RFID TAG user management system.